Angkor Wat Temple History | Asia and Pacific, Originally, the temple was called Prasat Paramavishnuloka. However, the evolutionof the name Angkor Wat can be drawn by history. The first proof existed in the 16th century, when te temple became a well-known Buddhist place.
According to a 16th century inscription, its name was Preah Mohanokor Indrabrat Preah Visnuloka. In a 17th century inscription, is was called Indrabratnokor Sreisodhara Visnuloka. Angkor Wat is a simple name to refer to this holy place. Khmer people especially those living in and around Siem Reap, often refer Angkor Toch, However, Europen authors decided on a common name, Angkor Wat. Nevertheless, Its original name has not been forgotten and is known by many people.
Angkor Wat covers a rectangular area of about 200 hectares defined by a late rite rampart which is surrounded by a moat that is 200 meters wide. The perimeter of the rampart measures 5.5 kilometers. The moat is crossed by a huge causeway built of sandstone blocks 250 meters long and 12 meters wide. The temple is 65 meters high. With its massive size and splendor, Angkor Wat was believed to have been built by the gods rather than man.
The temple begins with a sandstone terrace in the shape of a cross. Giant stone lions on each side of the terrace guard the monument. End of the causeways at the gopura with three towers of varying heights, of which much of the upper sections have collapsed. A long, covered gallery with square columns and a vaulted roof extends along the moat to the left and right of the gopura.